The 22nd Century at First Light: Envisioning Life in the Year 2100


A special report by members and friends of the World Future Society

A child born today will only be 88 years old in the year 2100. It’s time to start thinking and caring about the twenty-second century now.

The next 88 years may see changes that come exponentially faster than the previous 88 years. What new inventions will come out of nowhere and change everything? What will our families look like? How will we govern ourselves? What new crimes or other threats loom ahead? Will we be happy? How?

THE FUTURIST invited WFS members and friends to submit forecasts, scenarios, wild cards, dreams, and nightmares about the earth, humanity, governance, commerce, science and technology, and more.

So, what do we see in this “first light” view over the next horizon? A fuzzy and inaccurate picture, no doubt, but also an earnest attempt to shake out our futuring instruments and begin improving them. To build a better future for the generations who are depending on us, we’ll need the best tools we can develop.—THE EDITORS


  • Laura B. Huhn and William Halal: Major Transformations to 2100: Highlights from the TechCast Project
  • Dick Pelletier: Timeline to the 22nd Century


  • House of Futures (Gitte Larsen, Søren Steen Olsen, and Steen Svendsen): Scenarios and Long-Term Thinking


  • Olli Hietanen and Marko Ahvenainen: Bio Age 2100
  • Brenda Cooper: Where the Wild Things Are Not
  • Ozzie Zehner: Keys to Future Energy Prosperity
  • Marta M. Keane: Healthy Aging in the 22nd Century
  • Stephen Aguilar-Millan: Will We Still Have Money in 2100?
  • Eric Meade: Slums: A Catalyst Bed for Poverty Eradication
  • Manjul Rathee: From Communication to Transmission
  • Gina A. Bellofatto: Religious Belief in the Year 2100
  • Arthur Shostak: Game Changers for the Next Century
  • Richard Yonck: A Brave New Species
  • Julio Arbesú: Transport and Transhumans
  • Davidson Barlett: Lanes in the Sky
  • Marc Blasband: When the Machines Take Over
  • Jim Bracken: Technology vs. the World
  • John P. Sagi: Cyborg Me
  • Joshua Loughman: The Local-Global Duality of 2100


  • Paul Saffo: The Wonders We Didn’t Expect
  • Michael Lee: Southern Africa Takes Center Stage
  • Gene Stephens: Beyond Transhumanism
  • Jouni J. Särkijärvi: Paradise Found: No Aging, No Pensions
  • Richard David Hames: When the Storms Came
  • Gereon Klein: Geonautics
  • Paul Bristow: Energy and Living Well
  • Bart Main: Life and Love in the Pod
  • Tsvi Bisk: 2099: Headlines Warn of Global Cooling
  • Cynthia G. Wagner: Reunion: A Civil War Fable
  • Robert Moran: Meaning for Miranda
  • Stephen Bertman: The Last Oracle
  • Peter Denning: Automated Government
  • Daniel Egger: Old Cities of Amber
  • Karl Albrecht: Here’s the News from 2100


  • Michael Marien: Ten Big Questions for 2100
  • David Brin: On Being Human: Questioning Ourselves