In this issue:
- Gene Mutations and Flu, New Breakthroughs in Prediction and Detection
- Harvesting Wasted “Junk” Energy
- Tracing the Tsunami’s Glow
- What’s Hot @WFS.ORG (Public)
- News and Events from the Futurist Community
- The Futurist Interviews Longevity Expert Sonia Arrison
- Hands-Free Headset Computer Declared “Best in Show” at Futurist Conference
- Escaping the Filter Bubble
- What’s Hot @WFS.ORG (Members Only)
- The Coming Robot Evolution Race
- Exploring New Energy Alternatives
- The Accelerating Techno-Human Future
Gene Mutations and Flu: New Breakthroughs in Prediction and Detection
Researchers have discovered a method to predict how a particular gene will spread through a population, providing insight into how animals evolved and will continue to evolve in the future. The method could show which mutations are beneficial to the organism and which are not, under various types of migration. The findings, published in the Institute of Physics and German Physical Society’s New Journal of Physics, could also help doctors understand how viruses spread among people.
“Suppose we are speaking of the spread of epidemics. A virus can jump from one individual to another during a single encounter. The migration pattern in this case is then the network of people meeting each other.… An epidemiologist could use our formulas to compute the best way to limit encounters between individuals and therefore slow the spread of epidemics,” says Professor Bharum Houchmandzadeh, lead author on the study.
On a related note, researchers from the Cleveland Clinic and Syft Technologies have developed an easy breath test that can detect the presence of H1N1, specifically peak levels of nitric oxide (NO), roughly three days after exposure to the H1N1 vaccine. Increased nitric oxide levels are a typical biological reaction to influenza.
The breakthrough could help health workers avoid unnecessary vaccinations and thus better manage vaccination stockpiles in the event of an outbreak.(It could also ruin the upcoming movie Contagion.)
Sources: Download the paper on predicting mutation survival here: http://iopscience.iop.org/1367-2630/13/7/073020
Syft Technologies: http://www.syft.com/images/Documents/MediaReleases/h1n1_vacine_medrel.pdf
Harvesting Wasted “Junk” Energy
From the vibrations filling the air when jets take off to the waves generated by radio and television transmitters, our environment is full of largely wasted energy. Now, researchers are seeking ways to capture that energy and turn it into useful sources of electricity.
At Georgia Tech, a rectifying antenna used to convert ambient microwave energy to DC power was developed by a team led by electrical and computer engineering professor Manos Tentzeris. The gathered power could be used for wireless sensors, RFID tags, and other monitoring tasks.
“There is a large amount of electromagnetic energy all around us, but nobody has been able to tap into it,” says Tentzeris. “We are using an ultra-wideband antenna that lets us exploit a variety of signals in different frequency ranges, giving us greatly increased power-gathering capability.”
Researchers are also targeting the “junk” energy from road and airport runway vibrations. At the University of Buffalo, physicist Surajit Sen and his colleagues have taken a mathematical approach to studying energy exchange between particles. They discovered that altering the surface area of adjacent particles can change the way energy moves, thus making it possible to control the energy channeled.
“We could have chips that take energy from road vibrations, runway noise from airports—energy that we are not able to make use of very well—and convert it into pulses, packets of electrical energy, that become useful power,” says Sen. “You give me noise, I give you organized bundles.”
Sources: Georgia Tech http://gtresearchnews.gatech.edu/device-captures-ambient-energy/
University of Buffalo http://www.buffalo.edu/news/12733
Tracing the Tsunami’s Glow
The March 11 tsunami that hit off the coast of Japan has given one researcher a unique glimpse into how these massive waves form and move—information that could save lives the next time a tsunami strikes.
Researcher Jonathan Makela of the University of Illinois and his fellow authors discovered that tsunamis have particular visual signatures which, when viewed from a high enough altitude using special lenses, gives the tsunami a type of low-red glow. This enabled them to essentially forecast when and how the waves from the March 11 tsunami would hit the island of Hawaii. The finding could help emergency workers in locations that were vulnerable to tsunamis better prepare for destructive waves.
“What we show in the paper, in addition to the first optical images of this signature, is the advantage of using a camera system with a wide field of view as compared to other observing methods that have been used in the past—namely, GPS receivers. The network of GPS receivers are not terribly dense on Hawaii and so one cannot get a sense of what the wave structure looks like. From the single imaging system, we can observe a 106 km2 area of the upper atmosphere and see the waves encroach on Hawaii from the northwest. This is the ‘forecasting’ capability (vs. ‘prediction’) that this technique would present. … Essentially, we observed the waves in the atmosphere an hour ahead of when the [March 11] tsunami reached [Hawaii]. An imaging system on a GEO satellite would enable observations over the open ocean,” according to Makela.
Source: “Imaging and modeling the ionospheric airglow response over Hawaii to the tsunami generated by the Tohoku earthquake of 11 March 2011,” in Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 38, L00g02, 5 Pp., 2011. http://europa.agu.org/?view=article&uri=/journals/gl/gl1113/2011GL047860/2011GL047860.xml&t=2011,makela
What’s Hot @WFS.ORG (Public)
A selection of articles, special reports, and other future-focused material on our Web site that you might have missed. Members may sign in to read and comment. Not a member? Join now at http://www.wfs.org/renew.
Edited by Aaron M. Cohen
- Upcoming Event: Robots Invade Washington, D.C.
- Upcoming Event: DaVinci Inventor Showcase
- Hudson Institute Book Forum on the History of the Future
- WorldFuture 2011 Wraps Up
- New Series of Multimedia Reports Showcases Potential Engineering Breakthroughs
- Singularity University and Expo 2015 Announce Partnership
In her book 100 Plus: How the Coming Age of Longevity Will Change Everything, From Careers and Relationships to Family and Faith (Basic Books, 2011), Sonia Arrison tracks the advancements of “life-extension” medical techniques, which undo the damage that our bodies incur over time. She spoke to FUTURIST assistant editor Rick Docksai. Read more
Futurists got up close and personal with ten novel ideas and inventions at Futurists:BetaLaunch (F:BL), the World Future Society’s first idea and solution expo and competition. F:BL was moderated by event partner Disruptathon and held in Vancouver July 8-10 during WorldFuture 2011: Moving from Vision to Action, the Society’s annual conference.
Disruptathon has announced that the Golden-i headset computer, a collaboration between technology firm Kopin and phone maker Motorola, was voted “Best in Show” and “most buyable” of the inventions showcased at F:BL. Golden-i was also voted the entry that most “makes me feel like I’m in the future, now!” by WorldFuture 2011 attendees. Read more
By Eli Pariser
The board president of MoveOn.org warns that more-personalized Internet searching may have hidden side effects. Read more
What’s Hot @WFS.ORG (Members Only)
By Steven M. Shaker
Homo sapiens may have “won” the evolutionary race to perfect humankind, but artificial intelligence and robotics will evolve faster and farther. Rather than compete with them, we may do well to make them our allies and co-evolve, suggests a technology trend analyst. Read more
By David J. LePoire
What is most likely to satisfy our energy needs in the future—wind farms and photovoltaic arrays, or something yet to be invented? Options for the world’s energy future may include surprises, thanks to innovative research under way around the world. Read more
By Braden R. Allenby and Daniel Sarewitz
Technology and humanity are co-evolving in ways that past generations had never imagined possible, according to the authors of The Techno-Human Condition. This is not necessarily a good thing, they warn. With unprecedented levels of innovation come new societal tensions and cultural clashes. People everywhere are challenged to adapt to accelerating change. Read more
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Quietly lost in the background of this week's NASA announcements is the news that Jeff Bezos' company, Blue Origin, is to provide United Launch Alliance, owners of the Atlas V rocket, with a next generation engine technology for a next generation rocket. Although Boeing and SpaceX got the major headlines as the companies selected to provide crew-manned capsules for the International Space Station (ISS), Blue Origin may have the last laugh.
Recent reports on areas north of 60 degrees latitude point to rapid climate change in this region of the planet. What's happening?
Every Government Official Should Read This: Choosing Between Economic Growth and Fighting Climate Change Is No Longer an Issue
In today's Financial Times, Pilita Clark has written an article titled "Growth and fighting global climate change not incompatible." Did you hear that? Economic growth, the creation of jobs, increased Gross National Product - you in government no longer have to concern yourselves that enacting climate change mitigation strategies is going to drive your country into depression or worse.
One of my readers shared the following infographic, titled NASA Spinning Off Since 1962. It highlights the inventions, discoveries and economic return on investment resulting from NASA. For every dollar invested by the government the American economy and other countries economies have seen $7 to $14 in new revenue, all from spinoffs and licensing arrangements. That amounts to in $17.6 billion current NASA dollars spent to an economic boost worth as much as $246.4 billion annually.
Think of human services as something you guide through collaborative Governances that share ideas and advances at the speed of networks. When we work together vendors will learn to design the products and services you want.
America appears to have reached the Singles' Singularity—and one of the reasons may be the proliferation of dating sites. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 50.2% of the adult U.S. population are unmarried, up from 22% in 1950.
By 2050, we will have to invest in a new road network 25 million kilometers in length to keep up with human population growth and infrastructure requirements. This represents a 60% increase from 2010, with almost all of these new roads located in the developing world.
What’s the value of a human life?
For some of you this is a very disconcerting question because it attempts to put a dollar value on a person, something we value in far different ways.